Power Tool Won't Start? How to Find the Problem

Because our power tools have such an intricate internal structure, it can be very difficult to know just where exactly your problem is if the tool won’t start. It’s true that wear and tear can occur anywhere in or on our power tools and that all of this wear and tear will effect them; it’s also true however, that there are just a few generally simple steps to take towards finding the glitch that keeps your tool from ticking.

Firstly, because brushes are fairly simple to check, and are a common spoil of power tool wear and tear, check-out the tool’s carbon brushes first. Brush damage can look like a few different things: heavy wear, chips, heat-damage, or burrs (build-up around the brush that keeps it from making contact with the armature). Heavy-wear, chips, and heat damage are clearly visible, prevent electrical current from flowing, and require replacement; burrs, on the other hand, can usually be scraped away but may require replacement anyway. Because the tool will not engage if brushes don’t make complete contact with the armature, before moving one you need to be certain that the brush is capable of maintaining contact. If it can’t, it needs to be replaced, simple as that.

Hint: If the brushes are significantly damaged, it’s a good idea to move directly to checking the armature. Sometimes armature damage can prematurely wear or severely chip the brush’s carbon block, hence, intense brush damage can be an indicator of a damaged armature.

Second, because a switch is quite a bit more delicate than an armature, you’ll want to take a look at your switch assembly next. Here, wear and tear usually comes in the form of heat damage which can look like burning or charring, or like colorful discoloration. The plastic or wires of the switch may even be melted; any of these would certainly be cause to keep your tool from firing up. A switch can also be damaged by water or moisture, which although more difficult to detect, is equally damaging to the performance of the part and the tool as well. The switch must be replaced if you know it has suffered any water damage or if it appears discolored or burned. If switch damage is the only weak-link in your power tool, simply replacing it should get your tool feeling much better.

Hint: Although brushes are generally easier to check, switches are more commonly the culprit in a tool that will not engage. Additionally, and just like your brushes, sometimes your switch will simply wear-out and require replacement with or without visible signs of damage.

Well, now it’s now time to revisit that armature. First, take a look at the commutator bars, or the things your brushes connect with along the electrical path. The bars should form a perfect circle; if any bars are raised or missing this can cause brush damage and non-contact with the brushes. The commutators, as well as the rest of the assembly, may have also suffered some heat-damage; this will, again, look like burning, charring, melting, or colorful discoloration of the metal. If you have heat damage on your armature, chances are your other components will be in the red-zone as well. A damaged armature must be replaced with rapidity.

Hint: In addition to causing brush damage, damaged commutators can also cause arcing within the tool which will manifest to the user as a loss of power and performance. Remember also that when you experience a lack of power or performance, all the tool’s components are overworking and likely overheating as well which leads, of course, to heat-damage. If you’re not careful you’ll be dumb-struck by a tool with a bunch a fried-up components. Next on the checklist is your field; if your field is damaged you will again see burning, melting, or discoloration of the body, wire, or insulation. Additionally, before it goes kaput, the tool will feel sluggish or unambitious with a general lack of power and performance. Field damage most commonly occurs as a result of overlaoding or overheating within the tool (which is a result over misusing or abusing the tool). If the field is damaged, it, like the armature, should be replaced quickly.

Hint: Damaged parts always need to be replaced to prevent spreading damage to the tool’s other components. A damaged field or armature will usually reflect damage in the rest of the tool’s parts. Additionally, if the tools other components are severely damaged, it is a good indicator of deeper damage to the armature and field, so, if your switch or brushes are significantly damaged, you must check the other components as well. Double additionally, just like you might need to change your car’s oil and air filters the same time, brush, switch, armature, or field damage occur in any order, in any combination, or all together. Accordingly, it’s important that you give your power tool a complete check-up at the earliest signs of wear.

And simple as that you have the smarts to get your tool back into the groove of life. If, however, you can’t find problems with any of the above listed components, you should take your power tool to an authorized service center for professional inspection.

For over seventy years M&M Tool has been the ultimate resource for power tool parts and power tool repair. With thousands of replacement parts on-hand from Dewalt Parts to Makita Parts, and through providing replacement parts and service to all woodworking products, machinery, and power tools, M&M Tool is the utmost authority in tool parts and power tool repair.

Filed Under: Hand Power Tools

Tags:

FInd sleep aids on sale now at drugstore.com! icon

About the Author:

RSSComments (0)

Trackback URL

Leave a Reply